Montana cannabis business compliance guide

In this guide, we'll cover:
Legally reviewed by:

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Dutchie does not provide compliance advice. Merchants are responsible for their own compliance. External Dutchie compliance documentation may be updated from time to time and has been prepared for informational purposes only, is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal or compliance advice. Merchants should consult their own tax, legal and compliance advisors to determine how best to operate within the cannabis industry.

Market Type

In Montana, Cannabis sales are regulated by the Cannabis Control Division, a branch of the Department of Revenue. Montana allows the sale of medical and adult use cannabis.Β 

Metrc & Inventory

Montana uses METRC as it’s seed-to-sale traceability system. All inventory and sales must be reported to METRC. Montana requires inventory actions to be reported to the state system in real time.

Purchase Limits


A registered patient may obtain from licensed dispensaries:

  • Up to 1 ounce of usable marijuana; and
  • A maximum of 5 ounces of usable marijuana a month and no more than 1 ounce of usable marijuana a day.

Daily limits are provided by METRC, and a patient lookup must be performed to ensure allotments are maintained.

Adult Use

A person who is 21 years of age or older may purchase one ounce of usable marijuana.


Montana has defined the following product equivalencies for cannabis products:

One [1] ounce of marijuana flower = eighty [80] ten-milligram servings, or 800mg of THC in marijuana products or edibles = eight [8] grams of concentrate = eight [8] ml of vape cartridges


If you purchase Β½ ounce of flower, you would also be able to purchase four [4] grams of marijuana concentrate OR 400 mg of infused products or edibles OR four [4] 1 ml vape cartridges OR eight [8] .5 ml vape cartridges



For a medical marijuana dispensary, there is a 4% tax on the retail price of marijuana, marijuana products, and live marijuana plants for use by individuals with debilitating medical conditions.

Adult Use

For an adult use-dispensary, there is a 20% tax on the retail price of marijuana, marijuana products, and live marijuana plants.

Medical and Adult Use cannabis sales are also subject to local option tax rates, up to 3%

*Montana taxes discounts if the discount is not available to all. Discounts that apply to only medical or recreational are allowed without taxation.


Montana only allows delivery of cannabis products to Medical Patients.

Third party transporters require a Transporter license to deliver on behalf of a dispensary or cultivator. Dispensary operators may deliver to register cardholders without a transporter license.

All transportation of marijuana requires a valid transport manifest from the seed-to-sale tracking system (METRC).Β 

State Resources

Montana Cannabis Control Division Home



How much does it cost to open a dispensary in New York?

How long does it take for applications to be reviewed?

How many licenses do we expect New York to issue?

Has New York identified what the application will look like?

How will the office evaluate applications?

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